christianity question 02-

christianity question 02-

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Need to answer all these questions. total word count at least 550

Question Set 1: The Theology of Luther

According to the textbook, what were the basic themes of Luther’s theology including his view of the Word of God, the theology of the Cross, his view of law and gospel, and his view of the sacraments?

Eventually, the main objections raised by Catholics was that because the Church itself determined which books were included in the New Testament, then the Roman Catholic Church had authority over the Bible and its interpretation. What was Luther’s response to this objection?

What is the theology of glory and how is this different than the theology of the cross? How does this relate to faith and justification?

According to Luther, what is justification? How is one justified before God? And how does this relate to the Latin phrase: simul justus et peccator?

How does Luther’s view of the Church relate to vocation and occupations?

According to Luther, what makes a true sacrament and how many were there?

Why did Luther reject the doctrine called: transubstantiation?

In Luther’s view, what are the kingdoms and who rules over those kingdoms?

Question Set 2: Zwingli and Swiss

What was Zwingli’s view on mercenary service and pilgrimages?

Describe Zwingli’s training and occupation.

Was Zwingli’s reformation a direct result of Luther’s influence?

What were the main issues that split Zwingli and Luther?

Question Set 3: Radical Reformation and the Anabaptists

According to the textbook, Luther’s main method was to point out the contradictions between the scriptures and the traditions of the Roman Catholic Church and its practice. At the same time, Zwingli’s method was to limit practice of faith and worship to what was explicitly taught in scripture itself. According to the Anabaptists, Zwingli did not carry his ideas and belief, “to their logical conclusion.” Who were the Anabaptists and what else did they seek to reform/change? What was their view of war and peace?

Who attempted to oppress the Anabaptists and what was the result?

What is the Confession of Schleitheim and what were the 7 principles confessed?

What caused the Anabaptists to take-up a revolutionary cause? What was the result?

Who was Menno Simons and what did he achieve?

Question Set 4: John Calvin and the Reformed

According to the textbook, what are the main differences between Luther and Calvin in terms of theology and approach?

According to the textbook, Calvin systematized the Reformed and Protestant theology (both faith, belief and practice)? How did he achieve this (including his training, education, written work and influence)?

What was the Ordinances and what did it teach?

Who was Michael Servetus and how did Calvin respond to him?

What was the Genevan Academy? Why was it founded and who lead the academy?

Why was there a growing distance between the Lutherans and the Reformed?